FAST-GROWING, BUT VULNERABLE Government figures show Madhya Pradesh, known as the “Soybean State”, produces more than half of India’s soybeans. Langur monkey (Semnopithecus dussumieri), Orchha, Tickell's blue flycatcher, Bandhavgarh National Park, Male nilgais fighting, Lakeshwari, Gwalior district. Legally this area has been classified into "Reserved Forest" (65.3%), "Protected Forest" (32.84%) and "Unclassified Forest" (0.18%). Madhya Pradesh is also famous for honey production in district Morena. Madhya Pradesh is famous for the Bandhani cloth. The state also has a football team that participates in the Santosh Trophy. Onion, Gram, Opium. All the sovereign states in the region became princely states of British India, governed by the Central India Agency. [18], Subsequently, the region came under the control of the Gupta empire in the 4th and 5th centuries, and their southern neighbours, the Vakataka's. The birthplaces of noted playback singers Kishore Kumar (Khandwa) and Lata Mangeshkar (Indore) and singer and composer Aadesh Shrivastava (Jabalpur) are also located in MP. More than 30% of its area is under forest cover. Gwalior Fort stands on a rocky hilltop which offers a panoramic view of the Gwalior … [50] Subsequently, the state's GDP growth rate has improved significantly, rising to 8% during 2010–11 and 12% during 2011–12.[51]. The scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes constitute a significant portion of the population of the State. The southeastern districts have the heaviest rainfall, some places receiving as much as 2,150 mm (84.6 in), while the western and northwestern districts receive 1,000 mm (39.4 in) or less. The state does not have a coastline. The region has vast reserves of coal mines which is excavated by Northern Coalfields Limited, a subsidiary of Coal India Limited, which is inturn used in local power plants of NTPC, Sasan Power and Hindalco. of Madhya Pradesh, 2002]. The factories are run by the Ordnance Factories Board, and manufacture a variety of products for the Indian Armed Forces. Madhya Pradesh (India). Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by area and the fifth largest state by population with over 75 million residents. Most of them are located in eastern Madhya Pradesh near Jabalpur. After the decline of the Maurya empire, the region was contested among the Sakas, the Kushanas, the Satavahanas, and several local dynasties during the 1st to 3rd centuries CE. The state has a total installed power generation capacity of 24950.60 MW as of 31 July 2020. Madhya Pradesh cricket team's best performances in Ranji Trophy was in 1998–99, when the Chandrakant Pandit-led team ended as the runner-up. Besides the major cities, Bhedaghat, Jabalpur, Bhimbetka, Bhojpur, Maheshwar, Mandu, Orchha, Pachmarhi, Kanha, Amarkantak and Ujjain, Tumen Vindhyavasini temple ancient temple. [52] Minor Forest Produce (MFP), such as tendu leaves used to roll beedi, sal seed, teak seed, and lak also contribute to state's rural economy. It is the main source of water and acts as a lifeline to the state. Several regional variants are spoken, which are considered by the government to be dialects of Hindi, and by linguists to be distinct but related languages. [7] Rich in mineral resources, Madhya Pradesh has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. Daal Bafla. [24] In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, the southeastern portion of the state split off to form the new state of Chhattisgarh. The following languages are taught in schools in Madhya Pradesh under the Three Language Formula:[44], According to the census of 2011, 90.89% of the MP residents followed Hinduism, while others are Muslim (6.57%), Jain (0.78%), Buddhists (0.29%), Christians (0.29%), and Sikhs (0.20%).[45]. [40] The state ranks is also the worst performer in India, when it comes to female foeticides. There are many important multi-state irrigation projects in development, including the Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects. In the past, farmers in different parts of the country have faced huge losses due to crop damage caused by swarms of locusts. The municipalities in the state include 16 Nagar Nigams, 100 Nagar Palikas and 264 Nagar Panchayats. After some year in 1981, Pre Engineering Board was constituted. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region was removed and merged with the Bombay State. The most notable Maratha rulers of the region were Mahadji Shinde, Ahilyabai Holkar and Yashwantrao Holkar. Described as “elegantly comical” by the late ornithologist Ravi Sankaran, the lesser florican, a bird of open grasslands, has been consistently … The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhadia (or Bhariya), Halba, Kaul, Mariya, Malto and Sahariya. There are three international cricket stadiums in the state – Nehru Stadium (Indore), Roop Singh Stadium (Gwalior) and Holkar Cricket Stadium (Indore). The execution powers lie with the Chief Minister, who is the elected leader of the state legislature. The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra. Kanha, Bandhavgarh, Pench, Panna, and Satpura National Parks are managed as Project Tiger areas. The Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty also held sway in northern and western Madhya Pradesh at this time. Daal bafla | © Niranjan.gohane/Wiki Commons. (2) Punjab (3) Haryana: Bajra (1) Rajasthan (2) Gujarat (3) Maharashtra: Jowar (1) Maharashtra (2)Karnataka (3)Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) Mesolithic rock painting, Bhimbetka rock shelters, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bateshwar temple complex, Padavli, Morena. Southern parts of Madhya Pradesh like Malwa were several times invaded by the south Indian Western Chalukya Empire which imposed its rule on the Paramara kingdom of Malwa. According to the 2011 figures, the recorded forest area of the state is 94,689 km2 (36,560 sq mi) constituting 30.72% of the geographical area of the state. MP’s agritech journey is nothing but Inspiring, Innovative, Impactful, one Farmkart hopes to be a part of. Between 1999 and 2008, the annualised growth rate of the state was very low: 3.5%. Most of the western Madhya Pradesh comes under Ratlam Rail Division of Western Railways, including cities like Indore, Ujjain, Mandsaur, Khandwa, Neemuch and Bairagarh in Bhopal. The River Narmada flows through a gorge of marble rocks in Bhedaghat, Jabalpur, The Shri Ram Ghat on the Shipra River in Ujjain, Betwa in the Ashoknagar District of Madhya Pradesh. Bus and train services cover most of Madhya Pradesh. Variability in climatic and edaphic conditions brings about significant difference in the forest types of the state. KHARIF KHARIF RABI RABI RABI RABI. [26] It constitutes 12.30% of the forest area of India. [52] A 4,948-kilometre-long (3,075 mi) rail network criss-crosses the state, with Jabalpur serving as headquarters for the West Central Railway Zone of the Indian Railways. Isolated remains of Homo erectus found in Hathnora in the Narmada Valley indicates that Madhya Pradesh might have been inhabited in the Middle Pleistocene era. [6] Madhya Pradesh ranks 32nd among Indian states in human development index. Bagh Print Traditional hand block print craft in Bagh. The Hills of Pachmarhi. [60], Rajiv Gandhi Technical University's main gate, St. Aloysius Senior Secondary School, Jabalpur, established in the year 1868 is among the oldest schools in India, According to the 2011 census, Madhya Pradesh had a literacy rate of 70.60%. A thick blanket of smoke has darkened skies again over northern India. Noted Dhrupad exponents Aminuddin Dagar (Indore), Gundecha Brothers (Ujjain) and Uday Bhawalkar (Ujjain) were also born in present-day Madhya Pradesh. Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11. Later, Harsha (c. 590–647) ruled the northern parts of the state. This … Visit www.farmkart.com to learn how you can be a part of this wonderful journey. In English Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hitavada, Central Chronicle and Free Press have editions from Bhopal with The Hitavada also being in Jabalpur. The Narmada–Tapti systems carry an enormous volume of water and provide drainage for almost a quarter of the land area of Madhya Pradesh. [54] The project was commissioned with 750 MW capacity in December 2019.[55]. Son and its tributaries contribute the bulk of the monsoon flow into the Ganges, because the north bank tributaries are all snow fed. The state witnessed a number of anti-British activities and protests during the Indian independence movement. Kharif crops. The Real Reason Trump Began the Transition Process. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India. “I haven’t heard of anyone who benefitted from the Prime Minister’s crop insurance scheme. Sharbati variety of famous wheat is grown in Sehore, Vidisha and Ashok Nagar districts, and in some parts of Bhopal and Hoshangabad.Madhya Pradesh leads in the production of gram, linseed, green pea, garlic and coriander. The Tapti River runs parallel to Narmada, and also flows through a rift valley. The city of Ujjain arose as a major centre in the region, during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. The Chandellas built the majestic Hindu-Jain temples at Khajuraho, which represent the culmination of Hindu temple architecture in Central India. Shipra River is one of the most sacred rivers of Hinduism. Bamboo-bearing areas are widely distributed. Here’s what you need to know about the ‘miracle-working’ MP. Six swarms of locust entered Madhya Pradesh on May 17 from Rajasthan but have caused minimal crop damage so far as fields lie fallow. The dominant political parties in the state are the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress. The Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Saka rulers and conquered parts of Malwa and Gujarat in the 2nd century CE. The official language of the state is Hindi. Based on composition, the teak and sal forests are the important forest formations in the state. Madhya Pradesh state is made up of 52 Districts, which are grouped into 10 divisions. Among Kharif crops, soybean has been sown on over 58 lakh ha, against the target of 56.50 lakh ha. In the 1540s, most parts of the state fell to Sher Shah Suri, and subsequently to the Hindu king Hemu. Locust swarms are currently present in 16 out of the 52 districts in the state and are concentrated in the Ujjain, Sagar, Bhopal, Gwalior and Chambal divisions. Bahujan Samaj Party is the third major party in the state legislature, with 2 seats while others won 5 seats. Horticulture crops being suitable for cultivation on small and marginal holdings can prove as vehicle for increasing income of small and marginal farmers. Crop Rank of States; Rice (1) West Bengal (2) U.P. [16] Chalcolithic sites belonging to Kayatha culture (2100–1800 BCE) and Malwa culture (1700–1500 BCE) have been discovered in the western part of the state. [28] Madhya Pradesh is divided into the following agro-climatic zones: Madhya Pradesh is administratively divided into 10 divisions and further 52 districts. The Singrauli region on the eastern end of Madhya Pradesh is a major energy producer enclave for the country. It flows westward through a rift valley, with the Vindhya ranges sprawling along its northern bank and the Satpura range of mountains along the southern. Largest cities or towns in Madhya Pradesh, List of cities in Madhya Pradesh by population, International Food Policy Research Institute, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, List of Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh, List of Engineering Colleges in Madhya Pradesh, St. Aloysius Senior Secondary School, Jabalpur, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management (IITTM Gwalior), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Bhopal, School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal, Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM) Bhopal, National Law Institute University (NLIU) Bhopal, Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism and Communication, Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board, "MP: State Song to be Sung Along with National Anthem", "Uttar Pradesh Governor Anandiben Patel given additional charge of Madhya Pradesh", "BJP's Shivraj Singh Chouhan sworn in as Madhya Pradesh CM for fourth time", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)", "MP declares endangered 'Mahasheer' breed as state fish", "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India", http://fsi.nic.in/cover_2011/madhyapradesh.pdf, "Madhya Pradesh topped the National Tourism Awards 2010-11", "Madhya Pradesh topples Bihar, new No 1 in economic growth", "The Hathnora Skull Fossil from Madhya Pradesh, India", "जबलपुर के हाथ से बस इसलिए निकल गई राजधानी की प्रबल दावेदारी", "India planted 66 million trees in 12 hours", "MP Govt. Madhya Pradesh is noted for its classical and folk music. After the collapse of the Delhi Sultanate at the end of the 14th century, independent regional kingdoms re-emerged, including the Tomara kingdom of Gwalior and the Muslim Sultanate of Malwa, with its capital at Mandu. The Professional Examination Board was initialised as Pre Medical Test Board by Government of Madhya Pradesh in the year 1970. [29]. [51] The major crops of Madhya Pradesh are wheat, soybean, gram, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, rapeseed, mustard and arhar. The Godavari basin consists of sub-tropical, semi-moist forests, mainly in the valley of the Indrawati. Each of these languages has dialects of its own. Two of the medieval India's most noted singers, Tansen and Baiju Bawra, were born near Gwalior in present-day Madhya Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh did what very, very few economies in the world have ever been able to accomplish — consistently develop at double-digit growth rates. The state also sends 40 members to the Parliament of India: 29 are elected to the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and 11 to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House). Of the 15 Agro-climatic zones, 11 are in Madhya Pradesh which is very helpful. If you find hill forts fascinating, Gwalior Fort will give the history buff in you every … The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundaries between the north and south of India. Sharbati is grown in abundance in the area of wheat. Major crops. The state has 52 districts hospitals, 333 community health centres, 1,155 primary health centres and 8,860 sub-centres. Agricultural map of Madhya Pradesh showing different commercial crops cultivating areas of India,Sugarcane, cotton, jute, tea. Northern Madhya Pradesh was conquered by the Turkic Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century. The Narmada is the longest river in Madhya Pradesh. 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